标题: zt Tutu: Bush, Blair should face trial at the Hague
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发表于 2012-9-2 13:09  资料  个人空间  个人文库  短消息  加为好友 
zt Tutu: Bush, Blair should face trial at the Hague

LONDON (AP) — Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Desmond Tutu called Sunday for Tony Blair and George Bush to face prosecution at the International Criminal Court for their role in the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq

Tutu, the retired Anglican Church's archbishop of South Africa, wrote in an op-ed piece for The Observer newspaper that the ex-leaders of Britain and the United States should be made to "answer for their actions."

The Iraq war "has destabilized and polarized the world to a greater extent than any other conflict in history," wrote Tutu, who was awarded the Nobel prize in 1984.

"Those responsible for this suffering and loss of life should be treading the same path as some of their African and Asian peers who have been made to answer for their actions in the Hague," he added.

The Hague, Netherlands, based court is the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal and has been in operation for 10 years. So far it has launched prosecutions only in Africa, including in Sudan, Congo, Libya and Ivory Coast.

Tutu has long been a staunch critic of the Iraq war, while others opposed to the conflict — including playwright Harold Pinter — have previously called for Bush and Blair to face prosecution at the Hague.

"The then-leaders of the U.S. and U.K. fabricated the grounds to behave like playground bullies and drive us further apart. They have driven us to the edge of a precipice where we now stand — with the specter of Syria and Iran before us," said Tutu, who last week withdrew from a conference in South Africa due to Blair's presence at the event.

While the International Criminal Court can handle cases of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, it does not currently have the jurisdiction to prosecute crimes of aggression. Any potential prosecution over the Iraq war would likely come under the aggression category.

The U.S. is among nations which do not recognize the International Criminal Court.

In response to Tutu, Blair said he had great respect for the archbishop's work to tackle apartheid in South Africa, but accused him of repeating inaccurate criticisms of the Iraq war.

"To repeat the old canard that we lied about the intelligence is completely wrong as every single independent analysis of the evidence has shown," Blair said. "And to say that the fact that Saddam (deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein) massacred hundreds of thousands of his citizens is irrelevant to the morality of removing him is bizarre."

However, Blair said that "in a healthy democracy people can agree to disagree."

In Britain, a two-year long inquiry examining the buildup to the Iraq war and its conduct is yet to publish its final report. The panel took evidence from political leaders including Blair, military chiefs and intelligence officers. Two previous British studies into aspects of the war cleared Blair's government of wrongdoing.

The Iraq war was bitterly divisive in the U.K. and saw large public demonstrations. However, Blair subsequently won a 2005 national election, though with a reduced majority.

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发表于 2012-9-2 14:41  资料  个人空间  个人文库  短消息  加为好友 
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图图要求以战争罪审判布什和布莱尔
更新时间 2012年9月2日, 格林尼治标准时间08:59
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有抗议者说,布莱尔是在阿富汗和伊拉克这场毫无理由的战争的主要策划者之一

曾获诺贝尔和平奖的南非图图大主教称英国前首相布莱尔和美国前总统布什应被以战争罪受到起诉。

图图在英国《观察家报》发表文章称,布莱尔和布什用谎言发动战争侵略伊拉克,应受到海牙国际战争罪法庭的审判。

相关内容论坛:如何看图图大主教的战争罪行指称?姆拉迪奇因战争罪出庭受审海牙法庭暂停对姆拉迪奇的审判更多相关的故事

相关新闻话题英国, 犯罪, 贪污腐败
图图说,布莱尔和布什捏造伊拉克拥有大规模杀伤性武器的说法,并发动了伊拉克战争。他说,伊拉克战争对世界稳定的危害超过了历史上任何其他战争和冲突。

此前南非图图大主教拒绝和布莱尔一起在约翰内斯堡举行的领袖峰会露面,说布莱尔支持美国为首的侵略伊拉克“道德上不可接受”。

双重标准布莱尔在约翰内斯堡说对其决定派兵入侵伊拉克的指责回应说,当今世界领导人在叙利亚和伊朗问题面临同样的两难处境。他说西方仍然面临是否干涉伊朗,是否允许伊朗取得核能力,是否应该干涉制止伊朗的问题。

"问题不在于萨达姆是好还是坏,或者多少伊拉克人被萨达姆屠杀,问题是布什和布莱尔不应该让自己堕落到和他一样邪恶的水平"

图图大主教

图图说,2003年以美英为首的对伊拉克的侵略导致了目前中东局势恶化,叙利亚的内战和伊朗可能被拖入的中东冲突。

图图大主教说,“那时候的美国和英国领导人编造借口,就像恶霸一样制造分裂。他们把世界带到了目前的恶劣处境,我们被迫面对叙利亚和伊朗可能出现不妙的前景。”

“问题不在于萨达姆是好还是坏,或者多少伊拉克人被萨达姆屠杀,问题是布什和布莱尔不应该让自己堕落到和他一样邪恶的水平”,图图说,当然衡量西方领导人是另外一套标准。

他说,正因为这样,在一个一致的世界,他们同非洲亚洲一些领导人犯下同样罪行,应该都要在海牙面对审判。

布莱尔辩解布莱尔对于上述指责发出措辞强硬的辩护说,“重复旧的谎言,即说我们在情报问题上撒谎(大规模杀伤性武器)是完全错误的,所有对证据独立的分析都能够证明这点。”

此前在约翰内斯堡领袖峰会会场外许多抗议者要求逮捕布莱尔。抗议者高喊“布莱尔虚伪”,“布莱尔撒谎”和“国际罪行法庭对布莱尔网开一面”等口号。有抗议者说,布莱尔是在阿富汗和伊拉克这场毫无理由的战争的主要策划者之一,战争导致数百万人死亡。

有来自非洲的网友在BBC网站发表评论说,他一直十分钦佩图图大主教的道德勇气,但是在南非矿工被杀引发危机的时候,他不应该为邪恶的萨达姆政权倒台而表示惋惜。

另外一位英国读者评论说,他和所有诚实努力工作的英国纳税人一样,都愿意看到布什和布莱尔受到审判,但很不幸,他们太有权势,所以不会受到战争罪行审判,受审的都是失势的人。

他还说,萨达姆虽然邪恶,但他们从来没有对西方构成威胁,所以对付萨达姆不是美国和英国该做的事情,那时联合国该做的事情,而且那时候联合国在作决定前曾经试图找到大规模杀伤性武器。

http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/si ... _war_criminal.shtml

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