标题: Profile: Bolivia's President Evo Morales
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发表于 2010-2-9 16:56  资料  个人空间  个人文库  短消息  加为好友 
Profile: Bolivia's President Evo Morales



When Evo Morales was elected Bolivia's president in December 2005, it represented a radical change in the country's history.

Mr Morales, an Aymara Indian, became the first indigenous president in a country with an indigenous majority.

He is now aiming to win re-election in elections on 6 December.

A few months after taking office, Mr Morales moved to put Bolivia's gas fields under state control, worrying foreign investors.

He also pushed for constitutional reform. Amid many protests and disputes, he won a victory in a referendum in August 2008 on whether he should stay in office, and then a few months later a referendum approved his plans for a new constitution.

It came into force in February 2009 setting out the rights of the indigenous majority, granting more regional and local autonomy and enshrining state control over key resources.

It also set out moves for land reform, and paved the way for Mr Morales to seek re-election.

President Morales, a close ally of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, has said he will deepen his economic reforms if he wins a second term.

While he remains popular among his indigenous base, his policies have worried and in some cases antagonised many middle-class Bolivians who believe he is too radical.

Mr Morales seems set to face continued opposition from some regional leaders who argue the president is cementing central control over their regions' resources and revenue.


  I am a coca grower - I cultivate coca leaf, which is a natural product, I do not refine [it into] cocaine

Evo Morales
Although Mr Morales's triumph four years ago catapulted him to international recognition, he had long been a key and controversial figure in Bolivian politics.

As the leader of the Movement towards Socialism (MAS), Mr Morales reached a surprising second place in the 2002 presidential elections.

He later played a central role in the violent demonstrations demanding the nationalisation of the energy sector that led to the resignation of President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada in October 2003.

His power base is in the coca-growing areas of central Bolivia and he remains the head of the biggest coca-growing union.

Ties with the coca-growers earned him the label of "narco-trade unionist" from opponents. but he and his supporters stress the coca leaf is an intrinsic part of Bolivian culture.

Mr Morales, who in his youth was a llama herder and trumpet player in a band, played a leading role in the indigenous struggle and the conflicts between coca farmers and US-backed drug eradication programmes.

Since coming to power, he has had strained relations with Washington. He announced in 2008 that he was indefinitely suspending the operations of the US Drug Enforcement Administration in Bolivia.

He accused the DEA of being involved in anti-government protests, a charge the US government denied.

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发表于 2010-2-9 16:57  资料  个人空间  个人文库  短消息  加为好友 
维基上的资料。

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evo_Morales

Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959), popularly known as Evo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈeβo]), has been the President of Bolivia since 2006. He has been declared the country's first fully indigenous head of state in the 470 years since the Spanish Conquest.[2]

Morales was first elected President of Bolivia on December 18, 2005, with 53.7% of the popular vote (approximately 45% of the electorate) in an election that saw the participation of 84.5% of the national electorate.[3] Two and a half years later he substantially increased this majority; in a recall referendum on August 14, 2008, more than two thirds of voters (67.4%) voted to keep him in power (approximately 57% of the electorate).[4] Morales won presidential elections again in December 2009 by 63% and continued to his second term of presidency.[5]

Morales is the leader of a political party called the Movement for Socialism (Movimiento al Socialismo, with the Spanish acronym MAS, meaning "more"). MAS was involved in social protests such as the gas conflict and the Cochabamba protests of 2000, along with many other groups, that are collectively referred to as "social movements" in Bolivia. The MAS aims at giving more power to the country's indigenous and poor communities by means of land reforms and redistribution of gas wealth.[6]

Morales is also titular president of Bolivia's cocalero movement – a loose federation of coca growers' unions, made up of campesinos who are resisting the efforts of the United States government to eradicate coca in the province of Chapare in central Bolivia. In October 2009, Morales was named "World Hero of Mother Earth" by the United

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发表于 2010-2-9 17:17  资料  个人空间  个人文库  短消息  加为好友 
维基中文:
胡安·埃沃·莫拉莱斯·艾玛(Juan Evo Morales Aym;1959年10月26日-),或称莫拉莱斯,是玻利维亚原住印第安人政治家。莫拉莱斯於2005年12月18日以53.7%的选票当选玻利维亚总统,於2006年1月22日就职,从而成为该国自西班牙占领之後的470年以來第一位本土领导人[1] 。之前,玻利维亚的政治和经济一直都控制在欧洲后裔和西班牙混血的本土人手中,而莫拉莱斯则是没有欧洲血统的纯本土人。莫拉萊斯是艾馬拉印地安人(Aymara)。

莫拉莱斯经常穿着便装和原住民服飾,而不是西服革履出席各种政治活动。

莫拉莱斯於2006年1月8日至9日访问中国。

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发表于 2010-2-9 19:15  资料  个人空间  个人文库  短消息  加为好友 
这是在Cocalero影片最后, 为他制作的那件正式的服装。
设计很好,比西服样式还好看,简单、大方,更现代和时尚。


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